Pre-sentence investigations are a primary factor in the sentencing of the defendant. In fact, the pre-sentence investigation is a legally mandated report and plays a pivotal role at various points in the criminal justice system.

Information discovered in an investigation is information courts can use to assist in determining the types of agreements allowed, such as plea bargaining.

Information gleened in pre-sentence investigations also assist the court when setting the orders and conditions of probation. The information contained in the pre-sentence investigation report is a permanent part of the court record and can be accessed if a court sentence is appealed.

Probation conducts specialized pre-sentence reports for sex offenses, mental health, domestic violence, and DWI offenses. The pre-sentence report is used by probation, the courts, corrections and parole.